Mussaenda erythrophylla – Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush

Larval Host Plant

Moduza procris – Commander

Other notes

Natural History: This is a large, evergreen West African shrub, growing approx. 2-4 m in height, but may become a straggler, growing up to 10 m, on large trees. The flower bracts may be red, white or pale pink. It is a popular garden plant, introduced to India.



Naik, D. and M. S. Mustak. 2015. Additions to Larval Host Plants of Indian Butterflies (Lepidoptera). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (JBNHS), 112(3): 181-182. DOI: 10.17087/jbnhs/2015/v112i3/114436.

WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 24 Jan 2023. URL:

Flowers of India (2023). Accessed on 24 Jan 2023. URL:

Page citation

Kawthankar, N. and K. Kunte. 2024. Mussaenda erythrophylla Schumach. & Thonn. (1827) – Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/05/18.