Celaenorrhinus ambareesa – Dakhan Spotted Flat
Celaenorrhinus leucocera – Common Spotted Flat
Celaenorrhinus putra – Restricted Spotted Flat
Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy
Kallima horsfieldii – Sahyadri Blue Oakleaf
Natural History: A perennial sub-shrub found in the forests of Western Ghats. Blue flowers are clustered on terminal spikes. It is called as Dashamuli because of its branched roots and Ran Aboli because it looks like Crossandra (Flowers of India, 2022).
Notes: This plant has been recorded as a new larval host for Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy, Kallima horsfieldii – Sahyadri Blue Oakleaf and Celaenorrhinus putra – Restricted Spotted Flat by Raju Kasambe from Mumbai, Maharashtra in 2020.
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3188.8.131.5295-11550.
Kasambe, R. 2020. Eranthemum roseum (Acanthaceae) a new larval host plant for the Chocolate pansy butterfly Junonia iphita (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Bionotes, 22(3): 125-127.
Kasambe, R. and D. Giri. 2020. Eranthemum roseum (Acanthaceae): a new larval host plant for the Blue oakleaf butterfly Kallima horsfieldii Kollar, 1844 (Lepidoptera). Bionotes, 22(3): 143-145.
Kasambe, R. and D. Giri. 2020. Eranthemum roseum (Acanthaceae) as new larval host plant for the Bengal spotted flat Celaenorrhinus putra (Moore, ). Bionotes, 22(4): 230-232.
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000670606.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Rosy%20Eranthemum.html.
Kasambe, R. and N. Kawthankar. 2023. Eranthemum roseum R.Br. – Rosy Eranthemum. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/eranthemum-roseum, accessed 2023/12/08.