Aegle marmelos – Bel, Bilva

Other notes

Natural History: This is a medium-sized native tree species that occurs in S and SE Asia. The fruits are edible, and the plant is used in traditional medicine.
The species is also known as stone apple, Bengal quince, and golden apple.



Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI:

WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 21 Jan 2023. URL:

Flowers of India (2023). Accessed on 21 Jan 2023. URL:

Kasambe, R. and D. Giri. 2021. Aegle marmelos (Rutaceae): a new larval host plant for the Blue Mormon butterfly Papilio polymnestor. Bionotes, 22(4): 202-205.

Page citation

Kawthankar, N. and K. Kunte. 2024. Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa – Bel, Bilva. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/05/29.