Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758 - Common Mormon

Subspecies in India

(1) Papilio polytes romulus Cramer, [1775] – Indian Common Mormon
(2) Papilio polytes stichioides Evans, 1912 – Andaman Common Mormon
(3) Papilio polytes nikobarus Felder & Felder, 1862 – Nicobar Common Mormon

Taxonomic Information

A polytypic species with multiple subspecies in India.

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands12511141
Andhra Pradesh1111615111
Arunachal Pradesh1
Assam21152421233
Bihar
Chandigarh1
Chhattisgarh51259112552
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi13131363
Goa1
Gujarat122055116114
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh3113
Jammu and Kashmir UT111
Jharkhand1
Karnataka66149181922211315146
Kerala1113103216203110167
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh631443
Maharashtra97152020205256100493327
Manipur111
Meghalaya
Mizoram1
Nagaland
Odisha23
Pondicherry
Punjab1
Rajasthan
Sikkim111
Tamil Nadu1345423
Tripura231
Uttar Pradesh1216
Uttarakhand171422
West Bengal87213722316101814
Total42449265858610912821714111279
Papilio polytes romulus - Aegle marmelos (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Atalantia racemosa (Kunte 2006), Citrus (Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus aurantiifolia (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus maxima (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Citrus limon (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Citrus medica (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Clausena anisata (Saji et al. 2018), Correa (Robinson et al. 2010), Glycosmis (Robinson et al. 2010), Glycosmis pentaphylla (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Murraya (Robinson et al. 2010), Murraya koenigii (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Murraya paniculata (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Ravenia spectabilis (P. Churi pers. obs. 2017), Triphasia (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Zanthoxylum (Robinson et al. 2010), Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000) (Rutaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 

Test ref.

Other Notes

Test text.

Page citation

Saji, K., Prashanth S. N., T. Karmakar, J. A. Jacob, and K. Mohit 2022. Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758 – Common Mormon. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.06. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/papilio-polytes, accessed 2022/08/19.