Varronia curassavica – Tropical Black Sage

Other notes

Natural History: An exotic sub-shrub from tropical America, cultivated elsewhere. Small white flowers arise in clusters at branch ends. These flowers attract many butterflies, but it can become invasive.


Note: Cordia cylindristachya (Ruiz & Pav.) Roem. & Schult. is not found in India (POWO, 2022).



WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 29 Dec 2022. URL:

POWO (2022): Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Accessed on 29 Dec 2022. URL:

Page citation

Manoj P. and N. Kawthankar 2024. Varronia curassavica Jacq. – Tropical Black Sage. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/05/24.