Notes: This plant has been recorded as a new larval host for Loxura atymnus – Yamfly by K. Saji from Kozhikode, Kerala in 2009 and for Anthene emolus – Common Ciliate Blue by Sarpita Bose from South 24 Parganus, West Bengal in 2021.
Identification Keys: According to eFlora of India (2023),
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3220.127.116.1195-11550.
WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 20 Jan 2023. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000741997.
eFlora of India (2023). Accessed on 20 Jan 2023. URL: https://efloraofindia.com/2011/03/30/smilax-zeylanica/.
Saji, K., S. Bose and N. Kawthankar. 2023. Smilax zeylanica L. – Ceylon Smilax. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/smilax-zeylanica, accessed 2023/09/21.