Subspecies in India
Considerable infrasubspecific and subspecific variation in this species has been named, often with little understanding of geographical and altitudinal separation between the named forms or subspecies, so it is difficult to ascertain taxonomic validity of many of these names. A comprehensive study of this entire genus is in order before any taxonomic issues can be solved in this group.
Conservation and Special status
This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.
Photo Gallery and Species Biology
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT|
|Daman & Diu UT|
|Jammu and Kashmir UT|
Anonymous 2023. Parnassius epaphus Oberthür, 1879 – Common Red Apollo. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/parnassius-epaphus, accessed 2023/06/06.