Parnara spp - - Parnara Swift spp.

Subspecies in India

There are four species of Parnara in India:

(1) Parnara apostata debdasi Chiba & Eliot, 1991 – Himalayan Dark Straight Swift
(2) Parnara bada bada (Moore, 1878) – Oriental Grey Swift
(3) Parnara ganga Evans, 1937 – Continental Swift
(4) Parnara guttatus mangala (Moore, [1866]) – Himalayan Straight Swift.

Their species-level identification is based largely on structures of the male genitalia. Hence, they cannot be identified easily based on external traits such as wing patterns.
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT
Andhra Pradesh121
Arunachal Pradesh1
Assam17207
Bihar1
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh5534162481
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi881
Goa1
Gujarat11
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh11
Jammu and Kashmir UT1
Jharkhand
Karnataka1152212844
Kerala1122231
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh1221
Maharashtra42111443192
Manipur312
Meghalaya1
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Puducherry UT
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim111
Tamil Nadu2111
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh12136
Uttarakhand1237
West Bengal1312175
Total413716179331211063212
Brachiaria mutica (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Oryza sativa (Davidson et al. 1897; Bell 1926) (Poaceae).


Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 

Page citation

Anonymous 2023. Parnara spp - – Parnara Swift spp.. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/parnara-parnara-spp, accessed 2023/02/03.