Natural History: An erect, succulent from tropical America, planted as ornamental for its unusual stem and bright flowers. Its stem is tuber-like, swollen at base, giving it the common name. Bright red flowers arise on long-stalked, terminal clusters (Flowers of India, 2023).
WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 05 Jan 2023. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000219893.
Flowers of India (2023). Accessed on 05 Jan 2023. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Australian%20Bottle%20Plant.html.
Kawthankar, N. 2023. Jatropha podagrica Hook. – Buddha Belly Plant. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/jatropha-podagrica, accessed 2023/10/03.