Indigofera linifolia – Narrowleaf Indigo

Other notes

Natural History: Native Perennial Herb.
It is a perennial trailing herb found in tropical Asia to Australia. Leaves are simple, linear-lanceolate, and velvety. Its pea-like flowers are bright red, emerging in axillary loose clusters. The fruits are round, velvety pods containing a single, smooth, brown-black seed (eFlora of India 2024; Flowers of India 2024; POWO 2024; WFO 2024).

Vernacular Names: Assamese: Neel gosh (নীল গছ);  Bengali: Bhangra (ভাঙড়া);  Gujarati: Jhinaki gali (ઝીણકી ગળી), Nani gali (નાની ગળી);  Hindi: Bhangra (भंगरा), Bhurbhura (भुरभुरा), Pandarphali (पाण्डरफली), Ratanjot (रतनजोत), Ratnamala (रत्नमाला), Torki (तोर्की);  Kannada: Ganjikasa (ಗಂಜಿಕಸ);  Konkani: Torki (तोर्की);  Marathi: Barbada (बरबाडा), Lal godhadi (लाल गोधडी), Pandharphali (पांढरफळी), Torki (तोर्की);  Punjabi: Torki (ਤੋਰਕੀ);  Rajasthani: Lambio bekario (लांबीयौ बेकरियौ) (Flowers of India 2024).

Ethnobotany: The seeds are ground into flour, either alone or mixed with cereals like millet, and consumed as bread during famines (Flowers of India, 2024).

eFlora of India (2024): Indigofera linifolia. Accessed on 06 Mar 2024. URL:
Flowers of India (2024): Narrowleaf Indigo. Accessed on 06 Mar 2024. URL:
POWO (2024): Indigofera linifolia (L.f.) Retz. Accessed on 06 Mar 2024. URL:
WFO (2024): Indigofera linifolia (L.f.) Retz. Accessed on 06 Mar 2024. URL:

Page citation

Churi, P., and N. Kawthankar. 2024. Indigofera linifolia (L.f.) Retz. – Narrowleaf Indigo. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/05/28.