Hygrophila auriculata – Marsh Barbel

Other notes

Natural History: A spiny sub-shrub growing on the edges of water bodies and rice fields (WFO, 2022). Purple flowers borne on whorled spiny clusters. It is an Ayurvedic medicinal plant, known as Kokilaksha in Sanskrit (Flowers of India, 2022).



Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3104.10.4.11495-11550.

WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000726761.

Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Marsh%20Barbel.html.

Page citation

Kawthankar, N. 2024. Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine – Marsh Barbel. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/hygrophila-auriculata, accessed 2024/05/19.