Gymnosporia senegalensis – Red Spike-thorn

Other notes

Note: Maytenus emarginata (Willd.) Ding Hou is now considered endemic to south India, and have relatively small leaves with acute apex.



WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 01 Jan 2023. URL:

Flowers of India (2023). Accessed on 01 Jan 2023. URL:

Page citation

Churi, P. and N. Kawthankar 2024. Gymnosporia senegalensis Loes. – Red Spike-thorn. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/07/21.