Graphium garhwalica (Katayama, 1988) - Garhwal Swordtail

Subspecies in India

Hu et al. (2018) revised the Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus (Oberthür, 1879) group of which two subspecies are found in India Graphium mandarinus paphus (de Nicéville, 1886) and Graphium mandarinus garhwalica (Katayama, 1988). Based on molecular and morphological analysis, Hu et al. (2018) raised paphus and garhwalica to species status.

Graphium paphus (de Nicéville, 1886) and Graphium garhwalica (Katayama, 1988) show very minor differences based on external morphology and can be separated as under:
G. garhwalica (FWL 32-33 mm) is smaller in size compared to G. paphus (FWL 35-41 mm). 
G. garhwalica has FW termen straight, while in G. paphus, the FW termen is concave in the middle and slightly wavy and the end of each vein.In G. garhwalica, the origin of v.2 at FW cell has no black scales and is white, while in G. paphus, the origin of v.2 at FW cell is black, forming a black line. The black discal line mid-cell on UPH is reduced in G. garhwalica while it is prominent and black in G. paphus.
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

Graphium garhwalica - Garhwal Swordtail


StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir UT
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Puducherry UT
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand1
West Bengal
Total1

Hu, S.J., Cotton, A.M., Condamine, F.L., Duan, K., Wang, R.J., Hsu, Y.F., Zhang, X. and Cao, J., 2018. Revision of Pazala Moore, 1888: the Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus (Oberthür, 1879) group, with treatments of known taxa and descriptions of new species and new subspecies (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zootaxa4441(3), pp.401-446.

Other Notes

Some notes

Page citation

Anonymous 2022. Graphium garhwalica (Katayama, 1988) – Garhwal Swordtail. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.06. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/graphium-garhwalica, accessed 2022/12/02.