Subspecies in India
(1) Parnassius hardwickii hardwickii Gray, 1831 – West Himalayan Common Blue Apollo
This species name is also spelled in its amended form, 'hardwickei'.
Considerable infrasubspecific and subspecific variation in this species has been named, often with little understanding of geographical and altitudinal separation between the named forms or subspecies, so it is difficult to ascertain taxonomic validity of many of these names. A comprehensive study of this entire genus is in order before any taxonomic issues can be solved in this group.
Photo Gallery and Species Biology
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT|
|Daman & Diu UT|
|Jammu and Kashmir UT||1|
Anonymous 2023. Parnassius hardwickii Gray, 1831 – Common Blue Apollo. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/parnassius-hardwickii, accessed 2023/06/04.