Papilio helenus Linnaeus, 1758 - Red Helen

Subspecies in India

(1) Papilio helenus helenus Linnaeus, 1758 – Oriental Red Helen
(2) Papilio helenus daksha Hampson, 1888 – Sahyadri Red Helen

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh3
Arunachal Pradesh31111331
Assam6222612
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir UT
Jharkhand
Karnataka11141261
Kerala113181133
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra1311336231214
Manipur1
Meghalaya1522
Mizoram1
Nagaland4
Odisha
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim1311
Tamil Nadu11
Tripura541
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal1
Total8101813104740443499

Papilio helenus daksha - Rutaceae (Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus (Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus limon (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Clausena heptaphylla (Kunte 2006), Glycosmis pentaphylla (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000, reported as Glycosmis arborea, which is a synonym of G. pentaphylla), Phellodendron (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Toddalia asiatica (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Zanthoxylum acanthopodium (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010) (Rutaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 

Page citation

Anonymous 2022. Papilio helenus Linnaeus, 1758 – Red Helen. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.06. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/papilio-helenus, accessed 2022/08/12.