Subspecies in India
This is sometimes treated as a subspecies of Calinaga buddha – Orange-breasted Freak, especially in older literature. An unpublished name, Calinaga aborica naima Vane-Wright, MS, has appeared in print in the past (d'Abrera 1985; Kinyon 2004). A revision of Calinaga is underway, more information will be made available here in due course.
Photo Gallery and Species Biology
The known distribution of this species has recently been extended to the East Kameng District, Arunachal Pradesh, Eastern Himalaya (Sondhi et al. 2016). The traditionally known range was from the Mishmi Hills to N. Myanmar.
This species is legally protected in India under Schedule II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT|
|Daman & Diu UT|
|Jammu and Kashmir UT|
d’Abrera, B. 1985. Butterflies of the Oriental Region. Part II: Nymphalidae, Satyridae & Amathusidae. Hill House, Melbourne, Australia.
Kinyon, S. 2004. Illustrated Checklist for the Butterflies of Myanmar. Smithsonian Institution, USA.
Sondhi, S., T. Karmakar, Y. Sondhi, R. Jhaveri, and K. Kunte. 2016. Re-discovery of Calinaga aborica Tytler, 1915 (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Calinaginae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 8:8618–8622. PDF file (4.7MB, has colour images of a type and other specimens).
Anonymous 2023. Calinaga aborica Tytler, 1915 – Dark Freak. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/calinaga-aborica, accessed 2023/03/20.