Taractrocera ceramas (Hewitson, 1868) - Tawny-spotted Grass Dart

Subspecies in India

No subspecies are listed under this species, but widespread variation in spotting pattern seen in this species has erroneously been described in the past as subspecies. "Three subspecies names are commonly listed in literature: Taractrocera ceramas media Evans, 1934, Taractrocera ceramas nicevillei Watson, 1893, and Taractrocera ceramas oberthueri Elwes & Edwards, 1897 (Evans 1949). We treat them as infrasubspecific variation as there is no geographic separation between these presumed subspecies. We treat the NE Indian and N. Myanmarese taxon as a distinct species, Taractrocera atropunctata Watson, 1896 based on differences in the male genitalia." (Nitin et al. 2018).

This species is also known as the Tamil Grass Dart.
 

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

This is an addition to the checklist of butterflies of India, having erroneously been described from SE Tibet, Lalung, Pachakshiri  as the type locality. However, Lalung  is in Mechuka, West Siang, India. More details available at DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3278.4687-92

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Daman & Diu
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir UT
Jharkhand
Karnataka1522122142
Kerala121185229101010
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra26202911
Manipur
Meghalaya
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha
Pondicherry
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal
Total12253108102439251210
Poaceae (Bell 1925c; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Axonopus compressus (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Imperata cylindrica (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Miscanthus sinensis (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Oplismenus compositus (Kalesh & Prakash 2015), Oryza sativa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000) (Poaceae). Three subspecies names are commonly listed in literature: Taractrocera ceramas media Evans, 1934, Taractrocera ceramas nicevillei Watson, 1893, and Taractrocera ceramas oberthueri Elwes & Edwards, 1897 (Evans 1949). We treat them as infrasubspecific variation as there is no geographic separation between these presumed subspecies. We treat the NE Indian and N. Myanmarese taxon as a distinct species, Taractrocera atropunctata (Watson, 1896) based on differences in the male genitalia.

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 
Sanjay Sondhi & Purnendu Kumar Roy, 2013.  Sightings of Gonepteryx amintha thibetana Nekrutenko, 1968 (Lepidoptera: Pieridae: Coliadinae) from Arunachal Pradesh, India: an addition to Indian butterfly fauna erroneously placed in southeastern Tibet earlier. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 26  July 2013, Pp. 4687–4692

Page citation

Anonymous 2022. Taractrocera ceramas (Hewitson, 1868) – Tawny-spotted Grass Dart. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.06. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/taractrocera-ceramas, accessed 2022/08/13.