Phalanta phalantha (Drury, [1773]) - Common Leopard

Subspecies in India

(1) Phalanta phalantha phalantha (Drury, [1773]) – Oriental Common Leopard

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT
Andhra Pradesh11312
Arunachal Pradesh1
Assam125
Bihar
Chandigarh1
Chhattisgarh313231521
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi144411
Goa
Gujarat11121
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh11113
Jammu and Kashmir UT1
Jharkhand
Karnataka26418181518101396
Kerala71212241
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh2112611
Maharashtra1668568501012181923
Manipur1
Meghalaya7
Mizoram
Nagaland
Odisha124
Puducherry UT
Punjab2
Rajasthan2
Sikkim113
Tamil Nadu121212
Tripura2
Uttar Pradesh11111241
Uttarakhand121422
West Bengal13252110693
Total321517162838813854616945
Celastraceae (Robinson et al. 2010), Gymnosporia (Robinson et al. 2010), Gymnosporia bachmannii (Robinson et al. 2010) (Celastraceae). Dovyalis hebecarpa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Dovyalis (Robinson et al. 2010), Flacourtia (Davidson & Aitken 1890; Young 1907; Sevastopulo 1940; Pant & Chatterjee 1950; Robinson et al. 2010), Flacourtia indica (Bell 1910a; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Kunte 2006; Robinson et al. 2010), Flacourtia jangomas (V.C. Balakrishnan pers. obs. 2017), Flacourtia montana (Bell 1910a; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Populus (Robinson et al. 2010), Populus deltoids (Robinson et al. 2010), Salix (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Salix tetrasperma (Robinson et al. 2010), Xylosma longifolia (Kunte 2006) (Salicaceae). Androsace (Robinson et al. 2010) (Primulaceae). Smilax (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010) (Smilacaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 

Page citation

Saji K. , K. Kunte & A. Bora 2024. Phalanta phalantha (Drury, [1773]) – Common Leopard. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/phalanta-phalantha, accessed 2024/02/28.