Hypolimnas misippus – Danaid Eggfly
Junonia almana – Peacock Pansy
Junonia hierta – Yellow Pansy
Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy
Junonia lemonias – Lemon Pansy
Natural History: A native sub-shrub widely grown as ornamental hedge plant. The flowers are purple although white and other coloured varieties are also available. Flowering season is from November to January. The garland of these flowers are worn by women in their hairs (Flowers of India, 2022).
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3220.127.116.1195-11550.
HOSTS (2023) - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Accessed on 06 Feb 2023. URL: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/hostplants/search/.
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000560242.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Philippine%20Violet.html.
Churi, P. and N. Kawthankar. 2023. Barleria cristata L. – Philippine Violet. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/barleria-cristata, accessed 2023/03/30.