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Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Limenitidinae > Limenitidini > Moduza

Moduza procris (Cramer, [1777]) – Commander

Subspecies in India:

(1) Moduza procris procris (Cramer, [1777]) – Oriental Commander
(2) Moduza procris undifragus Fruhstorfer, 1906 – Sahyadri Commander
(3) Moduza procris anarta  (Moore, 1877) – Andaman Commander

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:
Cadaba fruticosa (Wynter-Blyth 1957) (Capparaceae). Grewia nervosa (V.C. Balakrishnan pers. obs. 2017) (Malvaceae). Prunus dulcis (Wynter-Blyth 1957) (Rosaceae). Cinchona (Robinson et al. 2010), Mitragyna parvifolia (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010), Mussaenda frondosa (Davidson & Aitken 1890; Davidson et al. 1896; Bell 1910c; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010), Mussaenda philippica (V.C. Balakrishnan pers. obs. 2017), Neolamarckia cadamba (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010), Ochreinauclea missionis (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010), Wendlandia (Robinson et al. 2010), Wendlandia heynei (Davidson et al. 1896; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010), Wendlandia thyrsoidea (Bell 1910; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Robinson et al. 2010) (Rubiaceae). Hedyotis orixense (Wynter-Blyth 1957) (Rubiaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
References:

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Limenitidinae > Limenitidini > Moduza


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Saji, K., H. Ogale, R. P. Das, T. Bhagwat. 2020. Moduza procris (Cramer, [1777]) – Commander. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 2.76. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/764/Moduza-procris
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