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Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Hesperiinae > Aeromachini > Baracus

Baracus hampsoni Elwes & Edwards, 1897 – Spotted Hedge Hopper

Subspecies in India:

No subspecies are listed under this species. It is also known as the Hampson's Hedge Hopper, and "often treated as a subspecies of the Sri Lankan Baracus vittatus (C. Felder, 1862). Another subspecies name, Baracus vittatus gotha Evans, 1949, has appeared in literature. Nothing is known about this taxon beyond the two females (one of them the type) collected in the Anamalais, on which the original description was based (Evans 1949). This name most likely represents a hybrid between hampsoni and subditus, or perhaps an aberration of subditus." (Nitin et al. 2018).

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:

This species is endemic to the Western Ghats. It was previously known from Goa southward to Kalakad-Mundanthurai TR in Tamil Nadu. Two recent records by Hemant Ogale and Vikram Gupchup from Amboli (Sindhudurg District) and Amba (Kolhapur District), both in south-western Maharashtra and made on 2011/08/20, constitute a range extension of this species into Maharashtra (see image numbers ai360-ai362, ai386).

records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:
Poaceae (Davidson et al. 1897; Bell 1926; Robinson et al. 2010), Imperata cylindrica (Kalesh & Prakash 2015). This is often treated as a subspecies of Baracus vittatus (C. Felder, 1862). Another subspecies name, Baracus vittatus gotha Evans, 1949, has appeared in literature. Nothing is known about this taxon beyond the two females (one of them the type) collected in the Anamalais, on which the original description was based (Evans 1949). This name most likely represents a hybrid between hampsoni and subditus, or an aberration of subditus.

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Identification:
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
References:

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Hesperiinae > Aeromachini > Baracus


Cite this page along with its URL as:
Saji, K., V. Gupchup and H. Ogale. 2020. Baracus hampsoni Elwes & Edwards, 1897 – Spotted Hedge Hopper. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.00. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
http://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/sp/722/Baracus-hampsoni
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