Search by common or scientific name:

Advance search

Educational material


Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Hesperiinae > Aeromachini > Gangara

Gangara thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) – Giant Redeye

Subspecies in India:

(1) Gangara thyrsis thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) – Oriental Giant Redeye

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:

Arecaceae (Robinson et al. 2010). Borassus flabellifer (Kalesh S. pers. obs. 2017), Calamus (Robinson et al. 2010), Calamus pseudofeanus (Kunte 2006), Calamus rotang (Kunte 2006), Calamus thwaitesii (Kunte 2006), Caryota urens (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Chamaerops humilis (Kunte 2006), Cocos nucifera (Davidson et al. 1897; Swinhoe 1913; Bell 1925b; Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; 2006; Robinson et al. 2010), Corypha umbraculifera (Kalesh S. pers. obs. 2017), Licuala grandis (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Phoenix acaulis (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000) Phoenix loureiroi (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000) (Arecaceae). Licuala chinensis (Kunte 2006) (Arecaceae). Cyperus alternifolius (Cyperaceae) has also been reported from Bengaluru by L. Shyamal, which constitutes a new plant family record for this species (BOI-ag954 to BOI-ag958) (Saji et al. 2018). It remains to be seen whether Cyperus is used more widely by this species, and a second confirmation of this larval host family will be useful.

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Hesperiinae > Aeromachini > Gangara

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Saji, K., K. Kunte, L. Shyamal,  Manoj P., T. Bhagwat, and S. Debnath. 2021. Gangara thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) – Giant Redeye. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.24. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
Share on facebook email page Share by email