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Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Satyrinae > Satyrini > Orsotriaena

Orsotriaena medus (Fabricius, 1775) – Medus Brown

Subspecies in India:

(1) Orsotriaena medus medus (Fabricius, 1775) – Oriental Medus Brown
(2) Orsotriaena medus mandata (Moore, [1858]) – Sahyadri Medus Brown
(3) Orsotriaena medus nicobarica Evans, 1932 – Nicobar Medus Brown
This species has been popularly known in India by an English name, the Nigger, since 1932 but this name is racially offensive and therefore no longer socially acceptable. Recently, three other alternative names have been suggested for it: Junglebrown (Smith 1989), Dusky Bush-brown and Smooth-eyed Bush-brown (Braby 1997, 2010). We use the name Medus Brown on this website because it is both simple and reflects the scientific name of the species, so it is easy to remember.

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:
Brachiaria mutica (Kalesh & Prakash 2007), Oryza sativa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010) (Poaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Satyrinae > Satyrini > Orsotriaena

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Saji, K., N. Kawthankar, and K. Kunte. 2021. Orsotriaena medus (Fabricius, 1775) – Medus Brown. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.21. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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