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Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Satyrinae > Satyrini > Kirinia

Kirinia eversmanni (Eversmann, 1847) – Yellow Wall

Subspecies in India:

(1) Kirinia eversmanni cashmirensis (Moore, 1874) – Kashmir Yellow Wall

  The subspecies cashmirensis is legally protected in India under Schedule II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:

Chitral to Kashmir. Specimens have been taken from Gulmarg, Pangi and Ooramboo.

records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:
After Moore (1893-1896)
Male - Upperside ochreous-yellow, suffused with ochreous-brown at the base of the forewing, and darker on the hindwing; cilia yellowish-white alternated with dark brown. Forewing with a black dentate discocellular bar, and an ochreous-black exterior marginal band, the inner edge of which commences on the costa about one-third before the apex, and curves exteriorly half round a black white-pupilled subapical spot, and thence attenuates to the posterior angle; no androconia present. Hindwing with a broad dusky ochreous-brown exterior marginal band with waved inner edge, before which are three or four discal black spots, each with a minute white pupil, the middle spot being the largest, and the anterior the smallest. Underside. Forewing paler ochreous, markings as on upper- side, but greyish-brown; also three slender brown transverse streaks within the cell, and an irregular streak beyond it: two prominent subapical black ocelli with white pupil, the upper one very small, beneath them is a white dot, indicating an incipient ocellus, all three being encompassed by a slender brownish line. Hindwing with greyish-brown basal area and exterior border, the discal area being whitish- grey, the division defined by a dark brown irregular zigzag discal line, there being also a similar brown sub-basal line, and a wavy submarginal line, the pale area traversed by a series of six prominent ocelli, the lowest being duplex, each with a black centre and white pupil, an ochreous ring, and then a brown ring, the upper, second, and third ocellus being the smallest, the others of nearly equal size.
Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:

Female - Upperside. Forewing differs only in the two subapical spots being more prominent, the discocellular bar and the marginal border are broader. Hindwing as in male. Underside as in male.

Status, Habitat and Habits:

  The subspecies cashmirensis is legally protected in India under Schedule II of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.


Location (media code: at301): It was seen on the road between Trikun and Thungun meadows towards Palmaidan. Altitude approx. 8000 ft.

Observations (media code: at301): It was seen sitting on the muddy road passing through a meadow. It was easily approachable.

Evans, W.H. (1927): The identification of Indian Butterflies; The Bombay Natural History Society; Pp.300

Moore. F. (1893-1896); Lepidoptera Indica - Vol II; L. Reeve & Co.; Pp. 274

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Nymphalidae > Satyrinae > Satyrini > Kirinia

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Vidya Venkatesh. 2021. Kirinia eversmanni (Eversmann, 1847) – Yellow Wall. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
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