Search by common or scientific name:

Advance search

Educational material


Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Pyrginae > Celaenorrhinini > Celaenorrhinus

Celaenorrhinus putra (Moore, [1866]) – Restricted Spotted Flat

Subspecies in India:

(1) Celaenorrhinus putra putra (Moore, [1866]) – Bengal Restricted Spotted Flat

Early Stages:
Indian and global distribution:
Historically, Celaenorrhinus putra was known to range from E. Himalaya and NE India east- and southeastward to Myanmar, Indo-China and SE Asia (Evans 1949; Inayoshi 2014). Since 2008, there have been a number of photographic records of this species from Amboli in southern Maharashtra and Dandeli in Uttara Kannada District of northern Karnataka southward to central Kerala in the Western Ghats, ca 1,500 to 2,000 km away from the previously known range of the species. It was only in 2013 that we were able to confirm the identity of the species by comparing male genitalia. The following images representing these records, published on this website on 13 April 2014, now formally extend the range of this species to the Western Ghats: (1) Male from Netravali WLS, South Goa District, 2010/10/30, by Milind Bhakare (BOI au579), (2) Male from Kakkayam, Kozhikode District, Kerala, 2013/02/21, by K. Saji (BOI ax403 and BOI ax404), (3) same as no. 2, presumably a female, on 2013/03/21 (BOI ax405).

These numerous records over the past six years, and the early stages studied by K. Saji on three occasions, also confirm that the species has stable, breeding populations of the species from northern to southern Western Ghats.
records (based on images):
Larval Host Plants:
Strobilanthes ciliata (Kalesh & Prakash 2015) (Acanthaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Sexual, seasonal & individual variation:
Status, Habitat and Habits:
Evans, W. H. 1949. A Catalogue of the Hesperiidae from Europe, Asia, and Australia in the British Museum (Natural History). British Museum of Natural History, London.

Inayoshi, Y. 2014. A Check List of Butterflies in Indo-China, Chiefly from Thailand, Laos and Vietnam., accessed 2014/04/13.

Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Hesperiidae > Pyrginae > Celaenorrhinini > Celaenorrhinus

Cite this page along with its URL as:
Bhakare, M., K. Kunte, H. Ogale, K. Saji, and V. Sarkar. 2021. Celaenorrhinus putra (Moore, [1866]) – Restricted Spotted Flat. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.24. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.
Share on facebook email page Share by email